DescriptionThis ninth edition of Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It assumes no specific prior knowledge about psychology or behavior modification on the part of the reader. Those who want to know how to apply behavior modification to their everyday concerns--from helping children learn life's necessary skills to solving some of their own personal behavior problems--will find the text useful. Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It, 9e is addressed to two audiences: (a) college and university students taking courses in behavior modification, applied behavior analysis, behavior therapy, the psychology of learning, and related areas; and (b) students and practitioners of various helping professions (such as clinical psychology, counseling, education, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychiatric nursing, psychiatry, social work, speech therapy, and sport psychology) who are concerned directly with enhancing various forms of behavioral development. MySearchLab provides students tools for writing and research in one convenient website.
Access to MySearchLab is available at no additional charge in a package with a Pearson textbook and is also available for purchase standalone online at www.mysearchlab.com or in your campus bookstore.
Imprint NamePearson Education (US)
Table of ContentsBrief Contents PREFACE PART I THE BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION APPROACH 1 Introduction 2 Areas of Application: An Overview PART II BASIC BEHAVIORAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES 3 Getting a Behavior to Occur More Often with Positive Reinforcement 4 Developing and Maintaining Behavior with Conditioned Reinforcement 5 Decreasing a Behavior with Extinction 6 Developing Behavioral Persistence Through the Use of Intermittent Reinforcement 7 Intermittent Reinforcement to Decrease Behavior 8 Doing the Right Thing at the Right Time and Place: Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization 9 Changing the Control of a Behavior with Fading 10 Getting a New Behavior to Occur with Shaping 11 Getting a New Sequence of Behaviors to Occur with Behavioral Chaining 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment 13 Establishing Behavior by Escape and Avoidance Conditioning 14 Procedures Based on Principles of Respondent Conditioning 15 Respondent and Operant Conditioning Together 16 Transferring Behavior to New Settings and Making It Last: Generality of Behavior Change PART III CAPITALIZING ON ANTECEDENT CONTROL PROCEDURES 17 Antecedent Control: Rules and Goals 18 Antecedent Control: Modeling, Guidance, and Situational Inducement 19 Antecedent Control: Motivation PART IV DEALING WITH DATA 20 Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations 21 Direct Behavioral Assessment: What to Record and How 22 Doing Research in Behavior Modification PART V PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER TO DEVELOP EFFECTIVE BEHAVIORAL PROGRAMS 23 Functional Assessment of the Causes of Problem Behavior 24 Planning, Applying, and Evaluating a Behavioral Program 25 Token Economies 26 Helping an Individual to Develop Self-Control 27 Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Self-Directed Coping Methods, and ACT. 28 Areas of Clinical Behavior Therapy PART VI A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE AND ETHICAL ISSUES 29 Giving It All Some Perspective: A Brief History 30 Ethical Issues GLOSSARY REFERENCES AUTHOR INDEX SUBJECT INDEX Table of Contents PREFACE Changes in the Eighth Edition Instructors Resource Manual with Tests and Practica Acknowledgments To the Student PART I THE BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION APPROACH 1 INTRODUCTION What Is Behavior? Summary Labels for Behavior What Is Behavior Modification? What Is Behavioral Assessment? Behavior Modification and Applied Behavior Analysis Behavior Modification, Behavior Therapy, & Cognitive Behavior Therapy Some Misconceptions About Behavior Modification The Approach of This Book Application Exercises Notes and Extended Discussion 2 AREAS OF APPLICATION: AN OVERVIEW Parenting and Child Management Education: From Preschool to University Developmental Disabilities Schizophrenia Behavior Therapy: Behavior Modification in Clinical Settings Self-Management of Personal Problems Medical and Health Care Gerontology Community Behavioral Analysis Business, Industry, and Government Sport Psychology Behavior Modification with Diverse Populations Conclusion Notes and Extended Discussion PART II BASIC BEHAVIORAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES 3 GETTING A BEHAVIOR TO OCCUR MORE OFTEN WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT "Do you want to sit here, Mommy?" Reinforcing Darren's Cooperative Behavior Positive Reinforcement Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Positive Reinforcement Pitfalls of Positive Reinforcement Guidelines for the Effective Application of Positive Reinforcement Application Exercises Notes and Extended Discussion 4 DEVELOPING AND MAINTAINING BEHAVIOR WITH CONDITIONED REINFORCEMENT "Don't be so rude! Be nice!" Erin's Points Program Unconditioned and Conditioned Reinforcers Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Conditioned Reinforcement Pitfalls of Conditioned Reinforcement Guidelines for the Effective Use of Conditioned Reinforcement Application Exercises Notes and Extended Discussion 5 DECREASING A BEHAVIOR WITH EXTINCTION "Louise, let's get ri
Biographical NotesGarry Martin, a native Manitoban, attended Colorado College on a hockey scholarship, where he received the BA degree. He then attended Arizona State University for the MA and PhD degrees. Garry returned to Manitoba in 1966 and taught in the Department of Psychology at the University of Manitoba until his retirement at the end of 2008. He is currently a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the U of M, and he continues to supervise graduate students, teach part-time, and write and publish. He has co-authored or co-edited 8 books and over 150 journal articles on various areas in behavioral psychology. His book, Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It, with Dr. Joseph Pear, first published in 1978, is used as a primary text at many universities in 14 countries and various editions have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Korean. His research on behavioral training technologies for improving the quality of life of people with developmental disabilities and children with autism has been supported continuously by the Medical Research Council of Canada, and now the Canadian Institutes of Health Research for the past 32 years. He has been an invited speaker at numerous national and international conferences around the world. He has supervised 38 Masters theses, and 32 PhD theses at the University of Manitoba, and has received numerous honors and awards, including induction into the Royal Society of Canada. At the 2010 Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Garry received the CPA Education and Training Award, the most prestigious education and training award the discipline confers in Canada. Dr. Joseph J. Pear, Professor of Psychology at the University of Manitoba, received the B.S. degree from the University of Maryland and the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from The Ohio State University. A fellow of Division 6 (Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology) and Division 25 (Behavior Analysis) of the American Psychological Association, Dr. Pear has done both basic and applied research. His early applied work was with children with developmental disabilities at the St. Amant Centre, where he founded the Behaviour Modification Unit (now the Psychology Department) in the early 1970s. More recently, he developed Computer-Aided Personal System of Instruction (CAPSI), an instructional program based on the Keller Plan. CAPSI is an award winning program that is being used to teach a number of courses at University of Manitoba and at several other universities in Canada and the United States. It is also a research tool that Dr. Pear and his graduate students use to research the teaching and learning dimensions of university education. Dr. Pear has also done basic research with pigeons and fish using a tracking system that he developed. In addition to Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It with Dr. Garry Martin, Dr. Pear has written two other books:The Science of Learning and A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systems. He has also written numerous research articles and two encyclopedia articles: "Psychological Systems" in The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (Fourth Edition) and "Physiological Homeostasis and Learning" in Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. He has received awards for Outstanding Contribution to Behaviour Analysis in Manitoba and for Innovative Excellence in Teaching, Learning, and Technology. He also received the Fred S. Keller Behavioral Education Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education.